11. âOppositionâ is a situation when a planet and the Sun are on directly opposite sides of earth. Did you know that Mars is home to the largest volcano and the largest canyon in the Solar System? Mars Possesses Varied Names As Accorded To It By Different Cultures. Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and is the second smallest planet in the solar system. 9. Interesting Mars Fact List: Mars is home to Olympus Mons, which is the largest volcano in our solar system, standing 21km high and 600km wide across the base. (An AU is an astronomical unit. “Olympus Mons — the tallest mountain in the solar system — is on Mars.”. Presence of water on Mars could be a potential signal of survival of living things in the past or in the present on the planet. And as per calculations, this record will be broken in the year 2287. Facts About Mars -The sunsets on the mars look like the blue in color. The presence of a thin atmosphere in Mars doesn’t allow water to exist in a liquid state but water is … Mars is at a distance of 206,655,215 kilometers or 1.381 AU when it is closest to the Sun. These moons are thought to be captured asteroids and are among the smallest natural satellites in the solar system. Who knows, perhaps the first human Martians will be born there in this century? Everest) and more than 600 km in diameter. It’s about half the size of Earth with a diameter of 6,791 kilometers. 55 interesting facts about Mars. (Launch dates: August 20, 1975 (Viking 1); September 9, 1975 (Viking 2)). Mars was visible in the night sky long before telescopes were invented. Mars has two small moons, Phobos and Deimos. It is approximately 227,900,000 kilometres from the star. In 2004, NASAâs rovers found the evidence of water on the planet. ; A year lasts 687 days, almost twice as long as a year on Earth. Named after the Roman god of war, Mars is also often described as the “Red Planet” due to its reddish appearance. There is lot to know about The Red Planet but in … Sources: https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/mars/overview/ , https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/marsfact.html, https://astrogeology.usgs.gov/maps/mars-viking-hemisphere-point-perspectives First Published: June 2012Last Updated: May 2020Author: Chris Jones, https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/mars/overview/, https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/marsfact.html, https://astrogeology.usgs.gov/maps/mars-viking-hemisphere-point-perspectives, The Ultimate List of TV Shows set in Space or on Other Planets, The Planets and Moons of Star Wars to Scale. Have you ever been to Mars and wondered why it is such a difficult question to answer? 4. Mars gets its name from the Roman god of war of the same name. The apparent size and brightness of the planet varies depending on the proximity of the planet to the Earth. Mars is cold, dusty, and possesses a thin atmosphere. Mars is famous for its very thin atmosphere with 95% carbon dioxide, 1.6% argon, 0.15% oxygen. 28. Mars has has a very primitive form of plate tectonics, and the action of two plates past each other began splitting the surface some 3.5 billion years ago. All these correspond to a gravity acceleration 3.72m/s 2 (9.81 ~ m/s 2 on Earth). Even though Mars has only 15% of the Earth’s volume and just over 10% of the Earth’s mass, around two thirds of the Earth’s surface is covered in water. Due to the presence of red dust on the planet, which is mainly its iron content; mars sometime sees dust storms when the wind blows. 1960 â the first spacecraft on mission to Mars was launched. 1. 8. Mars has the largest volcano in the solar system â Olympus Mons. The gravity of Mars is 3.711 m/s², but the earth is 9.807 m/s². Mars is at a distance of more than 142 million miles from the Sun. If the ice on its south pole melts, the resulting water will be sufficient to cover the planetâs entire surface to a depth of 11 meters. In The Early Space Age, We Thought Mars Was Like The Moon: Mars has the largest dust storms in the Solar System, reaching speeds of over 100 miles per hour (160 kilometers per hour). The fourth planet from the Sun was first observed through a telescope by Galileo in 1610 (1). The maximum pressure of Mar’s core is expected to be 400,000 times the pressure of Earthâs atmosphere at sea level. Galileo Galilei was the first person observed the mars through a telescope back in the year 1609. (An AU is an astronomical unit. Mars has a system of air, water, ice, and geology; in other terms, it has an atmosphere, a hydrosphere, a cryosphere and a lithosphere. Mars has low atmospheric pressure on its surface which is the reason why liquid water cannot exist on its surface for long. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Mars has sufficient ice on its polar regions, which can be seen clearly in the image below. 17. 22. Second Smallest Planet of the Solar System Facts About Mars 1. Mars is also referred to as the âRed Planetâ because it has high content of iron oxide which makes it appear reddish. Mars has only two moons as compared to Uranusâ twenty-seven. You can fit more than six of the red planet in the Earth. Overall, as of now, Mars would be a totally inconvenient place to live. This signature colour comes from the large amount of a chemical called iron oxide (or ‘rust’ as you might know it) in its rocks and soil. During the weather winter months, the vehicles have the ability to find the sunny position. Indeed, even normal residue storms on Mars are extraordinary, going on for quite a long time at any given moment and covering mainland measured regions. The average temperature on Mars stays around minus 80 degrees Fahrenheit – that’s below freezing point. To the ancient romans the planet Mars was symbolic of blood and war but too many people today this planet is future for humanity.Maybe it is next milestone for humanity not only live on mars but also explore the technological advancement to explore the universe. Read on to discover the most interesting facts about Mars, including current plans to transform this inimical planet into the next Earth. The rock pieces orbited the solar system for millions of years and finally crash landed on the Earth. It is 4,200 kilometres long and, in places, is 7 kilometres deep. The mission was launched on November 5th, 2013. Mars can be spotted with the naked eye during the night time from the surface of earth, thanks to its reddish appearance. All Rights Reserved. January 11, 2020 January 11, 2020 - by InterestingFacts.org - Leave a Comment. The names given to Mars revolved around its physical appearance. Mars’ magnetic field turned off four billion years ago. Martian surface gravity is only 37% of the Earth’s (meaning you could leap nearly three times higher on Mars). The temperature is very cold, but it might have been warmer a few million years ago.. Fun Facts All about Mars for Kids. Facts About Mars. These moons are small and are irregularly shaped. By knowledgemasti in Our Planet, Science & Technology on June 4, 2020. The surface of Mars is covered with rock and red dust made from iron. Our Solar system is vast and consists of many planets, moons, comets, asteroids, minor planets; and dust and gas. 4. Mars is at a distance of more than 142 million miles from the Sun. Facts about Mars. The planet is 227,939,200 km away from the Sun, and one year on Mars is equal to 687 days. 19. Hence, Tuesday is the day of Mars. The name of the month of March also derives from Mars. Mars is the second smallest planet in the solar system with an equatorial and polar diameter of 6,700 kilometres. Position and Size in Solar System. The polar region of Mars has a much lower temperature than Earth. The tallest mountain in the Solar System â Olympus Mons – is on Mars. On the other hand, Venus has the most circular orbit of any planet in the solar system. Amazing Facts about Mars 1. Mars has 37.5% of the gravity that Earth has. The surface gravity on Mars is only about 38% of the surface gravity on Earth, so if you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh only 38 pounds on Mars. In simple terms, 1 AU is the average distance between the Sun and Earth.). 20. Scientists have had the chance to study the pieces of rocks from Mars that landed on Earth. Mars and Earth have approximately the same landmass. Mars is the nearest planet to the Earth after Venus. Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun. The Valles Marineris is an extensive canyon system on the Mars equator. Specifically, Mars has about 95% carbon dioxide, 3% nitrogen, 1.6% argon and a few other elements in its atmosphere. By doing so, India became the first country in the world to set a spacecraft into Mars’ orbit in its first attempt. 2. 25. But the planet has been documented for over 4,000 years, which makes crediting its discovery to one person difficult. The minimum distance between Mars and Earth keeps on changing because they do not have perfectly circular orbits. 27. They are named: Phobos and Deimos. When it arrives on Planet Mars, it has the ability to propel itself. There is a tilt of a few degrees between the orbits of the two neighboring planets. Interesting Facts About Mars; Planet Mars has all four seasons like that of Earth as its axis tilted faraway from the Sun. Due to less mass, Mars’s gravity is also less than the gravity of the earth. 3) Mars is the second smallest planet in the solar system after Mercury. 2. It is a shield volcano built by the continuous action of flowing lava over millions and millions of years that began some 3 billion years ago. Mars is the second closest planet to Earth after Venus. For water to flow in the past, the Red Planet needs more atmosphere. The first photograph of Mars taken from its surface was taken by Viking 1 on July 20 1976. However, the mission failed. Mars is one of the many planets that have our scientists intrigued and excited about the possibility of life beyond the Earth. On 13 February 2019, NASA officially lost contact with its Mars rover “Opportunity”. It has the essential systems that characterize our Earth. 16. Due to its immense mass, Jupiter brings some change in Mars’ orbit. Mars is the second smallest planet in the solar system after mercury. Interestingly, these dust storms are sometimes visible by telescopes from the Earth. Did you know that the ancient Babylonians first created the week and divided it into seven days? 24. It is located between Earth and the Asteroid Belt. Interesting Facts about Mars. Mars: Oodles of interesting facts, figures and fun questions about the Red Planet. 26. Mars is a terrestrial planet with a thin atmosphere composed primarily of carbon dioxide. Facts about Mars Rover impress us with the details about automated motor vehicles. Join us on a journey to the fourth planet from the Sun with amazing facts, incredible images and vital information about Mars. They named each day of the week upon the seven known bodies in the sky: the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Venus, Jupiter, and Saturn. Mars is a very cold planet. The first interaction with Mars: Mariner 4, in 1965 was the first aircraft that flew by Mars. Mars’s mass is 6.42 x 10 23 kilograms, about 10 times less than Earth. There are a number of advantages of using Mars Rover. Because of the red color of the planet, Mars is also associated with aggression. 1 It's on Mars. It’s iron oxide that makes Mars red, and this tells us that Mars is similar to Earth, where iron also rusts when it’s left exposed to … Note that 60 miles per hour is the top speed of the winds blowing in some of the strongest Martian storms. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. And when we say largest, you need to note that they are a lot larger than their largest counterparts on the Earth. Mars used to have a thicker atmosphere. Let us uncover some important facts and information about planet Mars where human life can be expected to dwell in the coming years. It is more than 21 km high (about three times taller than the Mt. interesting facts about mars planet atmosphere 2.Largest dust storm Mars has a volume of 1.6318 x 10¹¹ km³ (163 billion cubic kilometers) which is the equivalent of 0.151 Earths. Mars is 141,633,260 miles from the Sun. 56. 29. They were discovered in 1877 by astronomer Asaph Hall, who named them for the Latin terms âfearâ and âpanicâ. 31. âPerihelionâ is the term for the point in the orbit of a planet, asteroid or comet at which it is closest to the Sun. Here are 7 interesting facts about Mars Mars, also known as the Red Planet, is an Earth-like planet. “Mars takes 687 Earth days to complete one revolution around the Sun.”. Mars has around 1% of atmospheric pressure that normally found at sea level on Earth. The main idea of our solar system was proposed by Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) and he also proposed that the Sun is at the center of the universe while the planets revolved around it in circular orbits. Currently, two rovers from NASA named, Opportunity and Curiosity, are exploring the surface of Mars. Speaking volume wise, about 6 Mars planets would be able to sum up the same volume as that of the Earth! Facts about Mars include this particularly interesting one. Global Dust Storms. Since this means that a 100-pound person on Earth would weigh only 38 pounds on Mars and will jump 3 … Density: If we compare the density of Mars with that of the Earthâs, we would find that it is 100 times less dense than Earth. 30. Mars looks like a slice of the Sun, but there is water on Mars, it has been there for billions of years, and even our very existence is based on it. When this happens, the communication between spacecraft on Mars, and the Earth drastically reduces. 13. 12. Interesting facts about Mars have fascinated astronomers ever since they began to peer more closely at the red planet. 21. 33. Below are some interesting facts about Mars; 1. We know that the size of Mars is nearly half the size of the earth. 10 Interesting Facts about Mars. Mars has a radius of 3.389 km or 2.105 mi being twice as small as Earth. Wondering how fast winds in these storms move? 23. Interesting Facts About Mars. Mars takes twice the time Earth takes to complete a full revolution around the sun. Mars has areas ranging from volcanoes to valleys and deserts to polar ice caps. In Mars opposition, Mars and the Sun are on directly opposite sides of the Earth. Even now Mars has been known to have water in the form of ice 2. And the signs of water on the planet has supported the belief that human life can exist on this red planet. 18. Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun. Did you know that a Martian day lasts only up to 40 minutes more than a normal Earth day. Mars is sometimes known as The Red Planet because of presence of rust in the martian soil. Contact with its Mars Rover when you subscribe to BBC Science Focus Magazine AU it! A lot larger than their largest counterparts on interesting facts about mars Earth. ) to as the red in. Planet is 227,939,200 km away from the Roman god of war of the many that! 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