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John Baskerville Credit: James Millar /Wikimedia Commons I n December 1758, he was appointed printer to the University of Cambridge, and rapidly produced two octavo prayer books. Omissions? In a technological stroke, he solved the problem. His name may be recognized from the typeface named after himself, Baskerville, a serif type with thin and thick contrast, great legibility, and often used in books or novels. He became a printer in Birmingham, England, and he was also a member of the Royal Society of Arts (RSA), a British organization committed to finding practical solutions for social challenges. John Baskerville (1706-1775) was forty-four when he gave up engraving to establish his own printing business. Linotype Library Designers: John Baskerville, Nicholas Fabian: The man of transition - John Baskerville. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The excellent quality of his printing influenced such famous printers as Didot in France and Bodoni in Italy. Baskerville's Papers. He published a particularly beautiful edition of Horace in 1762; the success of a second edition (1770) encouraged him to issue a series of editions of Latin authors. John Baskerville, the Birmingham printer : his press, relations, and friends. John Baskerville lived in Birmingham in the middle of the Georgian period. He also improved printing-press design, paper-making and ink-making, and used a more spacious layout with wide margins and leading between the lines. The Baskerville Bible of 1763 is perhaps the most famous work published by Cambridge University Press, and Baskerville's own type punches are among its most treasured possessions. Late works printed by Giambattista Bodoni reflect the contemporary late eighteenth-century _____ style. Baskerville became a writing master at Birmingham but in 1740 established a japanning (varnishing) business, whose profits enabled him to experiment in typefounding. This new type had caused a great stir in 1757 when he used it to print an edition of the poems of Virgil on expensive wove paper. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Sample: Baskerville Old Face. Baskerville was more than a typographer; he was an artist, printer and stonecutter. He created an intense black ink color through the tedious process of boiling fine linseed oil to a certain thickness, dissolving rosin, allowing months for it to subside and finally grinding it before use. He had beautiful type designs but needed a smoother paper. Baskerville, John. Abroad, however, he was much admired, notably by Fournier, Bodoni (who intended at one point to come to England to work under him), and Benjamin Franklin. He was also a writing master and stonecutter, but he was not known as well for this. JOHN BASKERVILLE: PRINTER AND DESIGNER The Percy Smith Memorial Lecture by SIR FRANCIS MEYNELL R.D.I. At the time of his birth this was considered the year 1706; it would now be considered early 1707. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/John-Baskerville, Fact Monster - People - Biography of John Baskerville, typeface of great distinction bearing his name. Baskerville not only designed one of the world’s most historically important typefaces, he also experimented with casting and setting type, improved the construction of the printing-press, developed a new kind of paper and refined the quality of printing inks. 1953: Baskerville’s original letter stamps and matrices are donated to Cambridge University Press. He married Elizabeth (Joanna) Bridges, daughter of John Bridges and (Miss) Pine, in 1402. 1. John Baskerville's refined printing resulted from three of the four elements listed below. 1738: John Baskerville started a successful japanning (varnishing metals) business in Birmingham which over the next ten years made him a wealthy businessman. With capital from this, in 1750 he set up a printing business, hiring John Handy as punchcutter. Baskerville is a serif typeface designed in 1757 by John Baskerville (1706–1775) in Birmingham, England and cut by John Handy. There are numerous individual facets of John Baskerville’s work which can be analyzed in detail to demonstrate his influence on the printing world, but it is the overall commitment he embodied in the development of both his type and craft which places him in history as a ‘complete’ printer. His quest for perfection meant his first complete book took until 1757 to produce, during which time he made major innovations in press construction (making a flatter, sturdier bed), printing ink (blacker, more even, and quicker-drying), papermaking (wove instead of laid), and of course letter design (which Handy cut to Baskerville’s designs). John Baskerville’s Decorated Papers. John Baskerville: art, industry and technology in the Enlightenment Category: Research Projects This research is concerned with the eighteenth-century typographer, printer, industrialist and Enlightenment figure, John Baskerville (1707-75). [F E Pardoe] In addition to influence of the King’s Roman formula, ... and regardless of the innovations he brought to printing in the 18th century, Baskerville experienced appreciation mostly abroad. John Baskerville was …show more content… There he … At a time when books in England were generally printed to a low standard, using typefaces of conservative design, Baskerville sought to offer books created to higher-quality methods of printing tha… He and Caslon were the two great type designers of the 18th cent. [William Bennett, of Birmingham England. A portrait of John Baskerville that hangs in the Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery. At seventeen, he was engraving tombstones. John Baskerville (1706-1775) Born in Worcestershire in 1706, he spent the rest of his life in Birmingham. in England. Here he produces several editions of the "Book of Common Prayer" and in 1763 a New Testament in a Greek type he designs. From ink to paper, layout and… John Baskerville (1706-1775) was forty-four when he gave up engraving to establish his own printing business. Baskerville was assisted in his work by the punch cutter John Handy and assistant Robert Martin, who later in life became Baskerville’s foreman (Meggs, p. 128). In a technological stroke, he solved the problem. His typography was much criticized in England, and after his death his types were purchased by the French dramatist Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais. He developed a beautiful typeface and new recipes for ink. Unlike Franklin, Baskerville published and printed a limited range of high quality books: “It is not my desire to print many books; but such only, as are books of Consequence, of intrinsic merit, or established reputation, and which the public may be pleased to see in an elegant dress…” Baskerville grew out of an ongoing experimentation with printing technology. Born near Kidderminster in Worcestershire, he began his career as a writing-master, and moved on to stone-cutting. If John Baskerville [printer] was related to the main branch of the Baskervilles this may he another source to the estate he inherited, as Thomas Baskerville only had one daughter, who was the mother of the 10 th Earl of Shrewsbury. Image: Frontispiece from Quintus Horatius Flaccus, Printed by John Baskerville, Birmingham, 1770. This book is concerned with the eighteenth-century typographer, printer, industrialist and Enlightenment figure, John Baskerville (1707-75). John Baskerville was born at Sion Hill farm in Worcestershire, England in 1706 and died in 1775. His typefaces were greatly admired by Benjamin Franklin, a fellow printer. The Baskerville Bible of 1763 is perhaps the most famous work published by Cambridge University Press, and Baskerville's own type punches are among its most treasured possessions. This short biography of John Baskerville (1706–75) was published in 1914 by Josiah Henry Benton (1843–1917), an American lawyer and author. , delivered to a joint meeting of the Society and the Faculty of Royal Designers for Industry , on Wednesday , 23rd April , J952, with Mr. Oliver Simon , of the Curwen Press , ш the Chair 1775 in Birmingham, Warwickshire, England – type designer, writing master, printer. John Baskerville, the Birmingham printer : his press, relations, and friends. History. Byl inovátorem knihtisku a podstatně ovlivnil anglickou typografii a úroveň tištěných publikací. At thirty-two, he took up the then-popular lacquering process that we call japanning, and that made him wealthy. Get this from a library! 1770–73: Produces a four-volume edition of Ariosto’s "Orlando Furioso". [William Bennett, of Birmingham England. print. He developed his own inks and papers, seeking the perfect surface and substances for many of his endeavors including printing and japanning. English writing master, stonecutter, letter designer, typefounder and printer. John Baskerville: Type-founder and Printer, 1706-1775 Josiah Henry Benton, John Findlay McRae Snippet view - 1996. Who was the German inventor of the printing press and movable type? Sir John Baskerville was born circa 1371 at of Eardisley, Herefordshire, England. John Baskerville of Birmingham : letter-founder and printer. The Baskerville Bible of 1763 is perhaps the most famous work published by Cambridge University Press, and Baskerville's own type punches are … He first worked as a writing master and headstone engraver in Birmingham, than went to japanning (coating with black varnish) trays and snuff-boxes. He came on a method of smoothing the surface of his printing paper that was quite ingenious. Which does NOT belong? Baskerville is loved by millions today, however it’s past begs to differ. Printing -- Baskerville, John Biographies; User lists with this item baskerville (78 items) by favretma updated 2018-01-28. Baskerville type has been revived, its clarity and balance making it a good type for continuous reading. influential typographers in history, John Baskerville made a significant mark on the world of print and type founding. John Baskerville was born in the village of Wolverley on January 28, 1706. Sir John Baskerville died in 1415. The first specimen of wove paper to appear in the West was used by John Baskerville for printing his famous edition of Virgil in 1757 (the discovery of an earlier example is an eventuality discussed in the Ephemera Section of the book). A portrait of John Baskerville that hangs in the Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery. Jeho nejznámější písmo Baskerville bylo zdigitalizováno a stále je oblíbené a používané. Links. A towering figure in the history of English typography, he broke one tradition and started another. Lieutenant Peter Baskerville 1785. Corrections? Innovative & naturally enquiring, he prospered as a manufacturer of fashionable japanned goods, built a fine house & used his success to fund a new printing office. Sir John Baskerville married Elizabeth d' Eylesford, daughter of Sir John d' Eylesford and Isabel de la Barre, before 1410. British printer and inventor who, after beginning his career as a calligrapher and gravestone engraver, gained lasting recognition for developing a typeface in 1754 that is still used today. John Baskerville was …show more content… There he … You may have already requested this item. Baskerville, John băs´kərvĭl˝ , 1706–75, English designer of type and printer. 1706 in Wolverley, Worcestershire, England, died 8. Baskerville was designed by John Baskerville in 1757 in England. His typefaces were greatly admired by Benjamin Franklin, a fellow printer. To print his delicate new font, Baskerville needed a “kiss impression,” that is, a clean image on the paper made with the least amount of pressure possible from the plate. Their subsequent history is uncertain, but in 1917 the surviving punches and matrices were recognized, and in 1953 they were presented to the University of Cambridge. This short biography of John Baskerville (1706–75) was published in 1914 by Josiah Henry Benton (1843–1917), an American lawyer and author. Baskerville was more than a typographer; he was an artist, printer and stonecutter. The Baskerville Bible of 1763 is perhaps the most famous work published by Cambridge University Press, and Baskerville's own type punches are among its most treasured possessions. John Baskerville printed works for the University of Cambridge in 1758 and, although an atheist, printed a splendid folio Bible in 1763. Baskerville, John Type Founder & Printer (1706-1775) Type founder, printer, stone cutter and lacquer ware professional. 1750: He began to experiment with paper making, type founding, printing and the manufacture of printer’s inks. The Museum of Printing has just acquired and is proud to display an original Baskerville Birmingham Bible on Saturday, December 2, from 10 am to 4 pm. Updates? After first working as an accomplished writing master and headstone engraver in Birmingham, he found business success japanning (coating with black varnish) trays and snuff-boxes. Biographies He set up a printing house and in 1757 published his first work, an edition of Virgil, followed in 1758 by an edition of John Milton. arabesques in headpieces and tailpieces. John Baskerville was born in Wolverley near Kidderminster on 28 January 1706. Other articles where Baskerville is discussed: John Baskerville: …printer and creator of a typeface of great distinction bearing his name, whose works are among the finest examples of the art of printing. John Baskerville, Type-Founder and Printer, 1706–1775 Josiah H. Benton Limited preview - 2014. Baskerville was a Birmingham inventor, entrepreneur and artist with a worldwide reputation who made eighteenth-century Birmingham a city without typographic equal, by changing the course of type design. Baskerville, John Baskerville and Franklin: Status and Success Image: Portrait of John Baskerville (1706-1775), Type Founder and Printer, painted by James Millar in 1774. Baskerville was a wealthy industrialist, who had started his career as a writing-master (teacher of calligraphy) and carver of gravestones, before making a fortune as a manufacturer of varnished lacquer goods. English writing master, stonecutter, letter designer, typefounder and printer. Baskerville decided to experiment with printmaking, he decided that he was the one that would actually control every facet of book making. Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway. The first specimen of wove paper to appear in the West was used by John Baskerville for printing his famous edition of Virgil in 1757 (the discovery of an earlier example is an eventuality discussed in the Ephemera Section of the book). Baskerville established an early career teaching handwriting and is known to have offered his services cutting gravestones (a demonstration slab by him survives in the Library of Birmingham) before making a considerable fortune from the manufacture of lacquerwork items (japan… Baskerville was born in the village of Wolverley, near Kidderminster in Worcestershire and baptised on 28 January at Wolverley church. This short biography of John Baskerville (1706-75) was published in 1914 by Josiah Henry Benton (1843-1917), an American lawyer and author. 1706-1775. His masterpiece, the Holy Bible of 1763, is regarded by many to be the finest book printed in English. Copyright © 1999-2020 MyFonts Inc. All rights reserved. The John M. Wing Foundation on the History of Printing Collection consists of calligraphy, type and type-founding, technical innovations in printing, design usage and theory, bookselling, book binding, papermaking, the history of book collecting, and the history of libraries and represents as many different printers and type faces as possible from the early period of printing. Baskerville, John, 1706-1775, Printers, Type designers, Type and type-founding, Early printed books, Printing Publisher Boston : Priv. Baskerville experimented in letter founding and produced several typefaces, before printing a notable edition of Virgil in 1757. He began his work as printer and publisher in 1757 and in 1758 became printer to the Univ. Printer and typographer John Baskerville's deluxe edition of Virgil's Bucolica, Georgica et Aeneis of 1757 was his first publication, a project which he began in 1754, after he had made a fortune as an industrialist in Birmingham manufacturing japanned goods. John Baskerville. By the time he was twenty, he was teaching writing and bookkeeping and running an engraving business as well. Part Three. He came on a method of smoothing the surface of his printing paper … ... His wife sold the printing business and type foundry for £3,700 … 1750: sets up his own type foundry and printing … Baskerville's Papers. 1725: moves to Birmingham. 1758: Appointed printer to the University of Cambridge. The perfection of his work seems to have unsettled his compatriot printers, and some claimed his printing damaged the eyes! One printer, John Baskerville of Birmingham, England, was determined to solve this problem. John Baskerville developed his own method of working, resulting in beautifully bright woven paper and darker inks. neoclassical. ; Leonard Jay; Central School of Arts and Crafts (Birmingham, England). John Baskerville, (born Jan. 28, 1706, Wolverley, Worcestershire, Eng.—died Jan. 8, 1775, Birmingham, Warwickshire), English printer and creator of a typeface of great distinction bearing his name, whose works are among the finest examples of the art of printing. The result was a brilliant series of original typefaces and splendid books appearing from 1754 to 1775. Get this from a library! John Baskerville developed his own method of working, resulting in beautifully bright woven paper and darker inks. John Baskerville (1706-1775) was an accomplished writing master and printer from Birmingham, England. 1733–37: writing master in Birmingham. John Baskerville – born 28. Baskerville's first … Durer. Baskerville, born in Worcestershire, set up as a writing-master and … An eccentric Birmingham industrialist who made his fortune manufacturing Japanware, Baskerville never made much profit from his sideline as a self-taught type-founder and printer, but his innovations in type design, printing technology, and book design had far-reaching impact. Bibliography. He developed a beautiful typeface and new recipes for ink. In 1525, this German master printmaker wrote a manual establishing the first set of … In the 1740s, John Baskerville became prosperous in the japanning trade before founding a printing press in 1750. 1. Answers: a. John Baskerville b. Charlemagne c. Albrecht Dürer d. Johannes Gutenberg e. Hieronymus Bosch. Other articles where Baskerville is discussed: John Baskerville: …printer and creator of a typeface of great distinction bearing his name, whose works are among the finest examples of the art of printing. ; Leonard Jay; Central School of Arts and Crafts (Birmingham, England). One printer, John Baskerville of Birmingham, England, was determined to solve this problem. Introduction. g glyph from Baskerville Old Face. Baskerville font family on MyFonts. John was a printer in Birmingham, England, as well as a typographer. [D.B. He had beautiful type designs but needed a smoother paper. John Baskerville, type-founder and printer, 1706-1775, by Josiah Henry Benton ; with an introduction by Zoltán Haraszti Resource Information The item Confirm this request. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica.

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